In a recent paper from Soft Robotics, a team of scientists including Woodford L. and Ann A. Flowers University Professor George M. Whitesides and Alex Nemiroski presented a class of robots called "arthrobots." Why "arthrobots"? These soft robots mimic the musculoskeletal system of arthropods (spiders and insects, for example) and use pneumatic joints in their many-limbed prototypes.
Read the paper, "Arthrobots," here
Read the related Harvard Gazette article, here